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Final Rule - 41 CFR Part 102-173
[Federal Register: March 28, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 60)]
GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
41 CFR Part 102-173
[FMR Amendment 2003-1]
Federal Management Regulation; Internet GOV Domain
AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy, GSA.
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: The General Services Administration (GSA) is adding coverage on the Internet GOV Domain to the Federal Management Regulation (FMR). The purpose of this final rule is to provide a new policy for registration of domain names. The FMR is written in plain language to provide updated regulatory material that is easy to read and understand.
DATES: Effective Date: March 28, 2003.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The Regulatory Secretariat, Room 4035, GS Building, Washington, DC, 20405, (202) 208-7312, for information pertaining to status or publication schedules. For clarification of content, contact Lee Ellis, Office of Electronic Government and Technology, at (202) 501-0282, firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite FMR Amendment 2003-1.
This final rule establishes FMR part 102-173, Internet GOV Domain, and provides policy for registration of domain names. A proposed rule was published in the Federal Register at 67 FR 34890, May 16, 2002. Public comments were solicited for use in the formulation of the final rule. All comments were consolidated and each one considered through a formal process. Comments received were from private citizens, Federal, State, and local government organizations, information technology standards organizations, and commercial businesses. Particularly worth noting are the comments concerning the cost for dot-gov registration. GSA currently assesses no charge. The rule merely establishes a ceiling for the charges that GSA may assess in the future if circumstances require it. These charges, if established, will be based on the costs of operations and market rates. An earlier regulation was previously located in the Federal Property Management Regulation (FPMR) (41 CFR part 101-35, subpart 101-35.7, Network Address Registration) and expired on August 8, 2001.
Jurisdiction of the Internet GOV (dot-gov) domain was delegated to GSA in 1997 by the Federal Networking Council with guidance in the form of Internet Engineering Task Force Informational RFC 2146. Since then, the U.S. Government use of the Internet has evolved and is rapidly emerging as an electronic government without boundaries. Federal organizations are choosing dot-gov domain names to reflect the type of service being rendered and are collaborating to form portals that cross boundaries of agencies, departments, and other U.S. government entities. GSA reserves the right to make exceptions to the naming conventions described in this subpart on a case-by-case basis in unique and compelling cases.
In addition, there is increasing interest from non-Federal U.S. government entities, such as State and
local governments, and Federally recognized Indian tribes, known in this rule as Native Sovereign Nations (NSNs), to provide service within the dot-gov domain. Many such governmental entities believe that their citizens are likely to associate their government at all levels with the dot-gov domain, and therefore, want the additional option of positioning their governmental portal to the public within this space. GSA has entered into an agreement with the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs to facilitate the registration of NSNs in the dot-gov domain.
B. Executive Order 12866
C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
D. Paperwork Reduction Act
E. Congressional Review Act
F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
G. Executive Order 13132 on Federalism
List of Subjects in 41 CFR Part 102-173
Dated: March 24, 2003.
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, GSA amends 41 CFR chapter 102 as follows:
1. Part 102-173 is added to subchapter F of chapter 102 to read as follows:
PART 102-173--INTERNET GOV DOMAIN
102-173.5 What is Internet GOV Domain?
102-173.30 Who may register in the dot-gov domain?
Authority: 40 U.S.C. 486(c).
* * * * *
Sec. 102-173.5 What is Internet GOV Domain?
Sec. 102-173.10 What is the authority or jurisdiction of the Internet GOV Domain
Sec. 102-173.15 What is the scope of this part?
Sec. 102-173.20 To whom does this part apply?
Sec. 102-173.25 What definitions apply to this part?
Domain is a region of jurisdiction on the Internet for naming assignment. The General Services Administration (GSA) is responsible for registrations in the dot-gov domain.
Domain name is a name assigned to an Internet server. This is the name that you request from GSA. Typically, you would apply this name to a domain name server. A domain name locates the organization or other entity on the Internet. The dot gov part of the domain name reflects the purpose of the organization or entity. This part is called the Top- Level Domain name. The Second-Level Domain name to the left of the dot gov maps to a readable version of the Internet address. The Domain Name server has a registry of Internet Protocol (IP) address numbers that relate to the readable text name.
Domain name server is the computer that provides pointers from the domain name to the actual computers.
Dot-gov refers to domain names ending with a ".gov" suffix. The Internet GOV domain is another way of
expressing the collection of dot-gov domain names.
Native Sovereign Nations (NSN) are federally recognized tribes.
Sec. 102-173.30 Who may register in the dot-gov domain?
Sec. 102-173.35 Who authorizes domain names?
For Native Sovereign Nations, GSA will only accept authorization from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior. In most cases, GSA will not make determinations on the appropriateness of the selected domain names, but reserves the right to not assign domain names on a case-by-case basis. Non-Federal government domain names must follow the naming conventions described in Sec. Sec. 102-173.50 through 102-173.65. For other government entities, CIO's may delegate this authority by notification to GSA.
Sec. 102-173.40 Who is my Chief Information Officer (CIO)?
For States, GSA will accept authorization from the Office of the Governor or highest-ranking Information Technology (IT) official. Other officials include the Mayor (for city or town), County Commissioner (for counties) or highest ranking IT official. Native Sovereign Nations (NSN) must receive authorization from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. CIOs may delegate this authority by notification to GSA.
Sec. 102-173.45 Is there a registration charge for domain names?
GSA does not currently charge a fee. GSA has the authority to employ a system of collection that includes a one-time setup fee for new registrations, which will not exceed $1000, depending on the level of assistance that may be provided by GSA, and a recurring annual charge that will not exceed $500 for all dot-gov domains. The fees are based on anticipated costs for operating the registration service.
Sec. 102-173.50 What is the naming convention for States?
(1) Use of the State postal code should not be embedded within a single word in a way that obscures the postal code. For example, Indiana (IN) should not register for win.gov, or independence.gov; and
(2) Where potential conflicts arise between postal codes and existing domain names, States are encouraged to register URL's that contain the full State name.
(b) There is no limit to the number of domain names for which a State may register.
(c) States are encouraged to make second-level domains available for third-level registration by local governments and State Government departments and programs. For example, the State of North Carolina could register NC.GOV as a second-level domain and develop a system of registration for their local governments. The State would be free to develop policy on how the local government should be registered under NC.GOV. One possibility might be to spell out the city, thus Raleigh.NC.gov could be a resulting domain name.
Sec. 102-173.55 What is the naming convention for Cities and Townships?
(1) Use of the State postal code should not be embedded within a single word in a way that obscures the postal code; and
(2) Inclusion of the word city or town within the domain name is optional and may be used at the discretion of the local government.
(b)(1) The preferred format for city governments is to denote the State postal code after the city name, optionally separated by a dash.
Examples of preferred domain names include--
(2) GSA reserves the right to make exceptions to the naming conventions described in this subpart on a case-by-case basis in unique and compelling cases.
(c) If third-level domain naming is used, GSA reserves the right to offer exceptions to the third-level domain naming conventions described in this section on a case-by-case basis in unique and compelling cases.
Sec. 102-173.60 What is the naming convention for Counties or Parishes?
(b) The preferred format for county or parish governments is to denote the State postal code after the county or parish, optionally separated by a dash.
Examples of preferred domain names include--
(c) If third-level domain naming is available from the State government, counties or parishes are encouraged to register for a domain name under a State's registered second-level (e.g., richmondcounty.ga.gov).
To register any second-level domain in dot-gov, Native Sovereign Nations (NSN) may register any second-level
domain name provided that it contains the registering NSN name followed by a suffix of "-NSN.gov" (case insensitive).
Registration is an online process at the General Services Administration's Web site at http://www.dotgov.gov. At the Network Information Site, you will find the instructions and online registration forms for registering your domain name. To register your domain name you will need to provide information such as your desired domain name, sponsoring organization, points of contact, and at least one name server addresses.
The process can be completed within 48 hours if all information received is complete and accurate. Most requests take up to thirty (30) days because the registrar is waiting for Chief Information Officer (CIO) approval.
Sec. 102-173.80 How will I know if my request is approved?
Sec. 102-173.85 How long will my application be held, pending approval by the Chief Information Officer (CIO)?
Sec. 102-173.90 Are there any special restrictions on the use and registration of canonical, or category names like recreation.gov?
Sec. 102-173.95 Are there any restrictions on the use of the dot-gov domain name?
[FR Doc. 03-7413 Filed 3-27-03; 8:45 am]
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